Knowing when to harvest your cannabis plants is important if you want to get the most out of them. You need to take a few things into account, such as the plant’s maturity, the weather, and the size of the buds.
The best time to harvest cannabis plants is in the morning after the dew has evaporated but before the sun gets too hot. You must also ensure the plants are dry, as wet buds can mold and rot.
Here is a step-by-step guide on how to harvest your cannabis plants indoors:
1. Cut Down the Main Stem
Inspect the plant’s main stem and look for any brown, yellow, or red pistils. These indicate that the plant is mature and ready to be harvested. Next, cut down the main stem with a sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears. Experts recommend that you cut the stem about 6 inches (15 cm) from the base of the plant. This is to ensure that there is enough stem left so that the plant can regrow.
2. Cut Off the Side Branches
The second step is to cut off the side branches. Start from the bottom of the plant and work your way up. Again, leave about 6 inches (15 cm) of stem on each branch so the plant can regrow. Use pruning shears or scissors to make clean cuts.
The leaves on the side branches can be trimmed off and used for making edibles or concentrates. There is no need to remove all the leaves, as some can be left on to help the plant during the curing process.
3. Trim the Buds
Once you have cut down the main stem and the side branches, it is time to trim the buds. Start by removing any large leaves that are covering the buds. Then, use a pair of sharp scissors to trim away any small leaves or stems that are sticking out. Be careful not to trim away too much, as this can reduce the quality of the buds.
Select the biggest and best-looking buds for drying and curing. The smaller buds can be used for making edibles or concentrates. You can also save the trimming to make hash or other cannabis products.
4. Trim the Leaves
After you have trimmed the buds, it is time to cut the leaves. Remove any large leaves that are still attached to the plant. You can also remove any small leaves or stems that are sticking out. Like the buds, be careful not to trim away too much, as this can reduce the quality of the buds.
The leaves can be used to make edibles or concentrates. You can also save the trimming to make hash or other cannabis products. They can also be composted to help fertilize your other plants.
5. Hang the Plants to Dry
Once you have trimmed the plants, it is time to hang them to dry. Find a dark and well-ventilated area to hang the plants. You can use a clothesline, hangers, or a drying rack. Ensure the area is not too hot or too cold, as this can damage the plants.
Hang the plants upside down so the buds do not touch the ground. You can also hang them by their stems. Leave some space between each plant so that air can circulate.
6. Cure the Buds
After the plants have dried for about a week, it is time to cure the buds. Curing helps to improve the taste, smell, and potency of the buds. It also helps to preserve them for a more extended period.
To cure the buds, place them in jars or containers. Ensure that the jars are airtight so that moisture cannot get in. Store the jars in a calm and dark place, such as a closet or cupboard.
Check on the buds every few days and open the jars to allow them to air out for a few minutes. After a few weeks, the buds should be dry and ready to smoke.
6. Store the Dried Buds in an Airtight Container
After the buds have been dried and cured, they are ready to be stored. Place the dried buds in an airtight container, such as a jar or Tupperware. Ensure that the container is dark so light cannot reach the buds. Store the container in a cool and dry place, such as a cupboard or closet.
The buds can be stored for several months. However, they will be at their best if used within the first few months.
7. Enjoy Your Dried Buds
Once you have stored the dried buds, it is time to enjoy them! Smoke them in a pipe or bong, or roll them into joints. You can also use them to make edibles or concentrates.
Harvesting cannabis plants is a delicate process that requires knowledge and experience. Make sure you know what you are doing before you attempt to harvest your plants. If done correctly, you will be rewarded with high-quality buds that are perfect for smoking, making edibles, or concentrates.